The official post modernist year is 1964.
Post modernism- a point in history, not a political philosophy,
Because what does Baudrillard (the intellectual inspiration of the Matrix movie )have to do with Foucault (the philosophical equivalent of a mosquito).
I put Foucault into a category of people which I call the post truth philosophers.
Is there such a thing as absolute truth?
The original father of this movement- Hegel. Whose theories of culture and temporal relativism. Long since been stretched past his breaking point (recently mathematize as of this book).
As to the question, are there things which transcend time and culture?
As to the question is mathematics invented or discovered?
Its symbolic mapping is invented the rest discovered,
Every culture has a language and this language changes. Have you tried listening to Shakespeare of late?
However, modern mathematics is the Hindu Arabic numbers system, Greek geometry, Arabic algebra, French, algebraic geometry, English/ German calculus, etc.
All cultures share the same math that gets added to throught time. If a thought abandoned, ot is because the culture that produced it has died.
But the process of course, post modernity is a natural byproduct of an information technology which exploded after World War Two. With the commercialization of the variable image machine known as the television, the camera and the commercialization of radio again,
but took a while to be reflected in the Geist and can be defined in information theoretical terms,
the moment in time that people have tended more towards their shared imagination through these information mediums than the reality they see otherwise.
During the postmodernists time there was a concurrent explosion in population. In the chief postmodern state, the USA.
Rhe much discussed, often maligned-baby boomers,
These boomers, are set to be the first ever teenagers. the first teenagers, because the information typography of the time allow children to spend more time with mass culture than their parents.
Now if you’re a teenager who was born after World War Two, which ended in September 1945, you would officially become an adult in 1964.
The first, postmodernists generation came of age in 1964. And at an unprecedented rate in human history, they went to university not to study anything worth studying. Why think when there’s an English department, another word for an English department is formulize book club except one person gets to tell you how much you understand the book.
There is a self selection effect when it comes to university people who studies sociology as a subject are one hundred percent dumber than people who study physics.
All you need is two idiots to start a university department. One to teach and the other to be taught.. idiots are also easily radicalised on top of that young people are terrific buffoons.
Much of the political as they say the radicalization, which characterise 1960s Quite honestly stems from the fact that there was never such a concentration of idiocy in human history in one place. Because the thing about young people like any good idiot, they do not understand that they’re idiots
By now, this is not a point regarding the nature of the political protests of the 1960s. But the radical nature of youth. Nazi Germany had children calling in their parents as enemies of the state.
Again, the delineating boundary between the postmodern and the modern state is the nature of information technologies. Where the centralised nature of information technologies of the modern state (cinema, radio, the newspaper) led to the ability to centralise attention.
The Postmodern state made this task all the more difficult. The Russian state had to jam with radio free Europe, Europe, penetrating Russian airwaves, making mass brainwashing all the more challenging.
All the information technologies of the earliest 20th 20th century would cheapen such that it became accessible to the individual. The Polaroid, along with the handheld camera, made image capture more ubiquitous.
The Times They Are a Changin:
Bob Dylan’s last acoustic set at the the Newport Folk Festival was in 1964. The set started with- the times they are changing
When the music died: On the Birth and Death of Rock and Roll
So bye-bye, Miss American Pie Drove my Chevy to the levee, but the levee was dry And them good old boys were drinkin' whiskey and rye Singin' "This'll be the day that I die-American Pie,Don McLean
It wasn’t Don McLean that died that day- but the music.
It died along with Buddy Holly, Richie Valens and JP Richardson (popular musicians of that era) in a plane crash.
But this is not the first time that the music died.
Did the older pianists think that young whippersnapper Ludwig Beethoven sucked?
Or was he considered a prodigy?
It was the latter.
Music is habit forming- you like the music that you’ve listened to before.
Intra-generational differential in habit formation begets intra-generational conflict.
So when did the time start to really change?
If one understands rock and roll as the electrification of classical instruments.
One understands that a generation gaslamp might have some qualms because it’s nothing like anything they never heard before. Have you seen/heard a Led Zeppelin concert?
But it wasn’t Led Zepplin which bore the brunt of this change. Ironically it came from the man who told us that the times were in fact a changing-Bobby Dylan.
It is precisely because Dylan noticed the change in the times- did he in fact change. A third of the Newport Folk Festival booed him when he transitioned from acoustic to electronic instruments.
However, fear not for rock and roll also died and was replaced by the computer (with its electronic sounds) this new music makes as little sense to rock and roll as rock and roll did to folk.
Oasis- the last rock and roll band (because rock and roll is not just a music genre but an attitude) said it best.
“[techno] just doesn’t make sense to me”
There was a subsequential attempt by set parents to rectify this Frederick word Wertham Seduction of the innocent, and the subsequent establishment of the Comics Code Authority in 1954 reflects the extent of the teenage rebellion.
The times were changing for a much poorer America.
When people talk America they’re usually talking about the homogenised America of the postmodern period.
The Death of Comics
Black Monday and the rise of postmodern economics
This is really is the era of post-modern economics. In the sense term depression, which has historically been used to describe an economic downturn. Is now barred from history. The more benign term of recession comes into use.
Much of the political turmoil of the 60s was caused by the economic turmoil caused by the war in Vietnam and the reestablished of european and asian industry.
the loss of wealth from fighting Vietnam led to the US having to leave the gold standard.
The rest of the world blew itself up so the American worker was rewarded so much so workers on a product line making cars for plant which would later resort to expert quarters to capitalise the market who, despite that still manage to declare bankruptcy. And these workers for these companies on boats that show none of these voting people then conduct a documentary about how they can go boating anymore.
People talk about Detroit like it’s a failure of capitalism. Detroit shows us the power of capitalism.
In Soviet Russia. There were hundreds of Detroit’s the differences people still live there.
Detroit has to be understood in its historical context, as one of the first great American cities. Prior to the emergence of the new South Texas in the West, California, the east coast of the Midwest were the most developed parts of America. With the great technologies you’re all rubber. Being located in the Midwest, the closest corollary to Detroit to Silicon Valley, instead of computers. The bleeding edge technology was automobiles.
Once it was better to live elsewhere they left.
1971 as the inflection point in economics,
The FED into a new paradigm in 1987, when they would no longer that financial crises occur. The nature of expensive monetary policy destroys the nature of capital application by creating larger bubbles.
Henry Kissenger and the Death of History
The dumb nature of american policy in the cold war. Soviet Russia was always going to collapse.
The failure of the cuban missile crisis.
the dumb nature of detent and star wars. All Star Wars did was show that a capitalist system can centralise resources more than a communist system. and turns out Americans as well could not afford star wars. The oft described as capitalist Raegen expanded government.
the dumb nature of american involment in vietnam. The question of what do you do when everyone espects you to save them.
the dumb nature of american involvment in Iraq/Afghanistan/Iran.
The Star Wars Generation
Although the information technology known as cinema began in the early 20th century. It did not peak as a medium until the later half of the same century.
There were a lot of factors which plays into the suppose that “new wave” of American cinema for the rise of American cinema as such, the primary contributing factor to this new age is the decreasing is a decrease in the cost of the ability to encode information. Demand curve has been downward sloping. Cheaper means more people could shoot a video, as evidenced by the creation of the first genre, the genre of music videos, and the effects of MTV.
There was also a change in the leadership of the cinema industry, where the aforementioned intergenerational shift collapsed the movie industry, there were movies for a different generation long since age after changed. In the director pool a series of explosive movies would would come out Rebel Without a Cause the graduate these new directors are straight out of film school, and were better able to to appeal to the preferences of the time.
Jaws may have been the first blockbuster.
Star Wars was the first phenomena.
Movies officially became mass culture with the introduction of Luke Skywalker.
George Lucas, the most influential American filmmaker of all time. Both for his work in advancing the science of film with the aforementioned ILM. ILM was responsible for the effects of every Spielberg movie (they were friends from film school). Lucas also understood digital animation to be a cheaper than live action. Lucas was forced to sell to Steve Jobs (due to a divorce) the company that would later become Pixar.
Star Wars was meant to capture the colour of comics. And the excitement of a Flash Gordon strip. In 1977, there was nothing that looked like Star Wars. Much like there was nothing that looked like a comics previous.
This idea of a blockbuster is currently being taken to its nth conclusion by current Hollywood. With the death of the DVD, having profoundly restructured the economics of the movie industry. These economics suggest only high cost blockbusters are are the are the viable option.
Additionally, one is seeing a great surge in nostalgia as our current culture has become self referencing. So the previous stories which appealed to the set of preferences are being reissued as those already known to appeal to an audience
ESPN and the rise of the postmodern sports:
1964 was also the year the first televised World Series also known as the death of baseball.
American football became the postmodern sport in the sense that people would rather watch it on TV than in person .
Baseball is better in person and on radio basketball better, the closer you are to the floor and it was also good on TV (minus the fourth quarter timeouts).
Televising sports also increased the money in the industry with the money received from advertising, having long surpass those from ticket sales. This increase in money made its way to players creating a divide between players and the fans. newspaper reporters soon began to share is that players cared more about their wardrobe than they did about winning.
The Birth of cable
We know from Taleb’s minority rule that the preference of the minority if the cost to others are great enough dictate the preferences to have the majority.
If one in 10 at a dinner do not like sushi-you don’t eat sushi.
So when content is created towards a general audience, it has to not offend as many people as possible. It had not to exclude as many sets of preferences. Whilist capturing as many sets of prerences as possible.
This is why the TV of the period was so bland. Everyone had to like it.
Allowing for a lower cost of communication. Cable was able to out compete network television.
Because it it better appealed to the specific sets of preferences for a niche group as the lowering of costs by which to maximise over a decreased number of people which we’re required to sustain a channel.
By interfacing more with each consumers than could be achieved on the network model model advertisers were better able to target consumers.
From a pro social perspective, much of this same forces, which killed monoculture started in duromg the star wars generation.
If one were to look at the art of the time Fight Club, and movie about the cathartic nature of violence, it is squarely a postmodern movie. As the information that script allows people to sub to be subdivided into the disparate niches. That only is that most people associate with the rise of the Internet.Decades previous people’s attentions really slow to bifurcate with the introduction of the Walkman in 1979, and the VHS in 1984 1976. The VHS lecture, the DVD fundamentally changed the economics of film, but also allowed people to self select their attention.
MTV, one of the great homogenising forces in American history. Given the nature of cable setups, MTV was more accessible to rural youths than their mature person counterparts. Who did not have to experience culture from behind a screen.
I want to be like Mike the rise of the entertainment dollar:
profiting over likeness.
The Computer Revolution:
The peak year of the postmodern era is 1969.
For those serious about life, we got the moon landing and the first variable image machine the computer.
The hippies got Woodstock.
Although the mass commercilisation of computing occurred in the years preceding.
These were mostly mainframe computers that could slowly be interfaced, that can be slowly interfaced with computer code. This limited the number of people who could interface with computers. As a result, their use was limited to large institutions, not individuals.
Then comes Douglas Engelbart, the most important consumer designer of all time, and gobike introduced the mouse, the idea of visualised computer objects and .
The next significant achievement in the computer revolution was the establishment of a coherent network of communication between machines. The ARPANET, the precursor to the internet, established a proof of concept for the internet. Prior to the World Wide Web (www.) the internet was restricted to known as BBBs. These were for the computer enthusiast of the world. Still for them BBBs provided much of the same experiences afforded to current Social Media.
It wasn’t as establishment until the World Wide Web did the internet go mainstream. The exact inflection point being 1996 with the biggest disaster in Everest history being reported in real time on the internet.
In all of this increasing network capabilities corresponded an explosion in processing speed. This can be seen in the sophistication of CGI and George Lucas industrial like magic. The matrix and the Lord of the Rings look better than anything Marvel has made decades later.
Concurrenntly, video games shifted from being an arcade phenomenon to people’s homes. A circus need no more be hardwired. The first viral video game were spread via the aforementioned BBs is in the 80s via shareware. With early Doom copies outselling Micrososoft Windows, despite the two just being the latest application of a common technology.
Fundamentally the personal computer represents the current commercialization of computing as such, with much of what Engelbart displayed in 1969 being accepted to your average consumer in 1984, the computer being the latest extension of the image machine the television. Computers as an information technology did not take off until the introduction of a word and number processor programme, the earliest version of Word and Excel, basically, replacing the previous information technologies of the typewriter in the calculator.
The Birth and Death of Games
A computer can only represent so much information on screen. The minimum subdivision of which is call a pixel.
The number of pixels I can display on screen is the resolution.
Computers can only fetch and retretive so much information per cycle (or second).
The lower the resolution, the less pixels I have, the faster I can exchange what is on-screen. This is why you e-sports player’s don’t game on the highest possible resolution.
The game will be slower.
Despite the increasing level of computation (indexation). Most credit the Golden era of video games from the arcade games of the 70s to the computer games of the 1990s.
Personally, I declare the end of the Golden era of gaming with the release of Microsoft’s Xbox in 2001 (my first console).
Although, in theory, games, should have gotten better. As we are able to represent more information on the screen in a quicker way,
It’s been all downhill since Halo.
In fact, even Halo is not safe anymore.
In 2014, the iconic franchise was remastered. One could either play with 2001’s graphics or 2014’s.
I went with 2001’s (and it wasn’t for nostalgia).
The new graphics are annoying.
As most of the advances in computer processing go toward texture rendering. Making objects look more detailed is nice. But I am here to defend the earth from an alien invasion. Ideally, the background does not distract.
At the end of the day, in-depth texture rendering itself is almost a useless pursuit. As nature encodes information on a quantum level, computers (ordinateur) on a binary.
This is the biggest obstacle against virtual reality. Preventing it from being used as anything other than a substitute for a monitor (TV or computer).
The mind likes fractal roughness.
Making augmented reality (AR) the better bet. As you can think of an electronic billboard as an example of an AR.
Nintendo understand this implicitly as most of the games are drawn as cartoons.
What Disney Animation did in 1937. Took George Lucas’ Industrial Light Magic until the 1990s to achieve.
Despite Nintendo’s Switch being slower. It manages to compete with the newer consoles.
What matters is that the gameplay is fun.
Yes, you do get used to a certain level of graphical processing.
But after a point.
It is the same.
As increasing computation (indexation) and programming complexity has actually made the industry paradoxically worse.
Bigger games need bigger teams forcing consolidation of the industry.
We know from Taleb’s minority rule that preferences adapt to the intolerant minority.
Less studios and bigger teams make the industry worse off as nothing is as riské.
Remember people wanted to pull Doom from the shelf.
The Napster Generation
the ability to share contact digitally is just a natural function of the speed of navigating cyberspace.
People started sharing content with each other once they could share content with each other,
fundamentally a natural evolution in information technology was repressed, repressed by industry by industry incumbents. who use the state to cartelise their industry.
music piracy went away once it became convinenint to buy content using the same medium.
Your defence against piracy is the cost of convenience.
The nature of attention economics is such that despite not making money on the original sale, attention products are fat tail dominated so it’s so many mutually beneficial trade if someone pirates your content