The French Revolution
The French Revolution is not a revolution against the Crown. The French Revolution is a revolution against the church.
Under l’ancient regime, it is the church that legitimised the Emperor. The modern nation state, is defined by the separation between church and state. The Pope doe,s not need to bless the president. These seperation of powers, is a means of weakening the church. As the clergy, no longer has sway over political matters. Giving the state ability to grow as an independent body.
It was Louis the 14th, who undid l’ancient regime. By bringing local elites, to one palce in space. Not the French Revolution, itself. The French Revolution, was a revolution against the death of medieval localism. What was Europe’s greatest advantage over the rest of the world.
Napoleon the Great
Napoleon the great because he is the only one not to die during the French Revolution. Afterall, “on noms de la bastille, Le jour du gloire est arivée”.
The nation state-as an information processor
Why the leviathan leans left
Government isan expansive system. Because it has the ability to expand itself. The government, can always increase its role in society. Because it controls the rules of the society. The ability, for the state to propagate itself on mass, is dependent on the nature of information technologies.
The greater homogenisation accross space, also known as mass culture. Is a function of the telgraph and train.
Fractional Reserve Banking
that change the nature of the information communication technology of money allows for the establishment of fractional reserve banking and the the modern central bank. People, would keep their gold in a warehouse that would issue receipts. These receipts then become banknotes. These banknotes would then become paper currency.
The Difference between Napoleonic and modern armies-scale. Fractional reserve banking, with the establishment of a central bank. Allowing the state, through borrowing to fund destruction at an unprecedented scale.
The First European Civil War: The war of Stupidity
The First war of the stupidity. Is a war of the stupidity. As, a war to fundamentally determine if it was Charlemagne or Karl the Great. What was naturally, a successor to the war of Alsae and Lorraine. A regional war. Fought amongst regional powers-France and Germany. Resulted, in a world war. Which invents really destroy the most complex civilization since Rome. L’Europe durant la Belle Époque. A conflict, catalyzed, by a dispute amongst two later defunct empires-the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empire. Over the independence of a third people, the Balkans. A war, later expanded. With the introduction of another power-Anglestan. Over the territorial integrity of a state, Belgium. Belgium, lying exactly between its two biggest continental competitor-France and Germany.
For all of this to then be resolved by the introduction of yet an another power, the uSA. This fresh power allowing the winning party to institute a disasoutrous ‘peace’ agreement-the treaty of Versailles. Which did nothing other than guarantee another war of the stupids-the second war of the stupids. A war which resulted in the death of European imperialism as such.Not only did that happen. Everyone, who got involved thought not only that they were going to win. They were to do so quickly. Europes civil war, representing fundamental miscalculations by the state as an information processing system.
All Anglestan, had to do to win the first world war. Was, literally, precisely, exactly-nothing. The territorial integrity of Belgium, came at the expense of a third of the wealth of the empire. Prior to the war, Anglestan, did not even have an army to murder. Their Expeditionary Forces, of one hundred thousand veteran troops. So small, that the Kaizer joked that he would have them arrested by the German police.
Instead, of strictly getting involved in a naval blockade of Germany. You know, the thing that eventually caused Germany to surrender. Anglestan, changed the nature of it’s arm first forces. Just so that they can be stupid.Anglestan, was under constant pressure by the French to help them reinforce the western front. Seemingly forgetting, that Anglestan shares no border with Germany. Has the best Navy in the world. Fortress Britain, so inpetripable that decades later that Germany with continental supremacy Could not invade.
The fall of Czarist Russia is the greatest geopolitical disaster since the fall of Constantinople to Turkic invadors.Russia, has been a paper tiger, since Peter the Great. The history of Russia, bifurcates with that of Europe since the Mongol invasion of the world. Unlike Western Europe, Russia, was not saved from the wrath of the Khan.
The Wrath Khan
Ghenghis Khan, conquered the world by exploiting the internal conflicts of his enemies. As a result, the political body of the Mongol’s was overly centralised. After sending scout,s all the way past Vienna. General Ogadai had to turn around due to a death in the family. Saving much of chrisendom. The only reason that the Mongols did not sack Paris-fortune.
Mongolian hegemony, a neglected point in European history. So much so, that Russia literally chose not to record this period in its history. This is decisions the Russians, would later regret during the Japanese Russia war on the eve of World War One. With the Japanese, post Meiji Restoration. With the Japanese Imperial Navy absolutely annihilating the Russian Pacific Fleet. Before, then, smashing the Russian Baltic Fleet. That travelled, halfway across the world just to die. Showing, that even on the eve of war, it is clear that Russia failed the transition from medievial to modern society
The Mongol invasion, represents a complete destruction of Russia’s nobility class. Effectively, opting Russia, out of european localism. Unlike the rest of Europe, Russia is characterised by incessant centralization over a large geographic area and population. Whenever Russia, finds itself at a rough tech parity with Europe. It’s greater population, put it’s at an advantage. Though the opposite, is also true. This overt centralization, however, makes Russia a less technologically innovative society. The history of Russia, is a history of centralizers. Where unlike the rest of Europe, Russia can only be changed from the top down. One great centraliser, centralises. Only for that very same centrilization, to be the reason for it to be left behind, once again. Not understanding, the system itself is the problem .
This can be seen by Russia as difference in europes two civil wars. In that sense that, Russia lost to a smaller German army in the First World War. Only to , sack Berlin in the second. This is because, much of the technologies of the early industrialization Revolution had become more standardised and accessible. Allowing these technologies, to be adopted in an easier fashion. Additionally, the USA was supplying arms to Czarist Russia. Stalin, lamented that his war was a a war of American weapons and Russian men. Hilariously, the worker’s party is bad at making things.
The death of Caesar
The principal point of Europes civil war for Russia, was it’s inability to renormalize to the national scale. Unlike the rest of Europe, which boast the first examples of the nation state as such. Like Louis before him, the Czar ceased to be able to feed its people. The most fundamental failure of a state. However, Czarist Russia and business secure the food supply of its population concurred to total war eventually that’s the collapse of the regime. It is important to understand Russia. Later the Soviet Union was the first communist states sustained something must have fundamentally gone wrong for that to happen.
On the eve of its eventual collapse, Czarist Russia launchedand illogical offensive against Germany. Motivated by their allies. As they did not want the monopoly on stupidty. Thereby knocking it out of the war. had Russia not overreached, we never would havehad a communist state.
The Formerly united States of America (uSA)
Teddy the cowboy Rosevelt
Teddy, dubbed “the cowboy ” Rosevelt by JP Morgan. The cowboy’s, reign as president amounts to the second worst presidency in American history. The cowboy, fundamentally changed the nature of the American presidency. With, an unprecedented explosion of the use of executive actions. The cowboy, is responsible for much of America’s exit from isolationism. With the colonisation of Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. These colonies being the impetus for America’s involvement the second world war.
Parallel, to his expansionist foreign policy. There is a great narrative, which portrays the cowboy as a great trust buster. Seemingly ignoring all the busted trusts, were those of the house Rockefeller. Only for the Sherman Act to be used by House Rockefeller contra house Morgan in turn.
In due time, it was Teddy the cowboy who would later run on a progressive ticket.Tthereby splitting the Republican vote allowing the first intellectual yet idiot President (IYI) PhD, Dr. Woodrow Wilson.
Woodrow Wilson PhD-The first Intelectual yet Idiot (IYI) President
Woodrow Wilson Ph.D. (in Political Science). The third worst president, in the history of the United States of America. If the cowboy, changed nature of the American presidency. Wilson changed the nature of America forever. Injecting it from a policy of neutrality, not isolation. There was no real reason why the uSA should join europes civil war. A war between imperial powers..The uSA, shares no border with any of the actors. Lies, on another continent and is a democracy, not an imperial state.
However, despite this, the uSA instructed Germany that if any American were to be sunk on a ship by German submarine. That would, constitute, a formal declaration of war. The Kaizer, would report that this was the maritime equivalent of going to war. If an American, gets killed walking through the Battle of the Some.
Woodrow Wilson PhD,would lament the need for more Americans to die in battle. To gain legitimacy, on the bargaining table. The lives of people, literally bargaining chips. I would understand this from a Caesar or a Stalin. But this is from the leader of a democracy. These are his voters, that he is sending to die.
The disaster of Versailles
There is a false revisionist history. that compares Germany’s treaty with the collapse of Imperial Russia, with that of the Treaty of Versailles. aka the Treaty of the stupids. Because the treaty with Russia was so harsh because the Imperial Russian state devolved into socialism and unparalleled act in human history. Of course, it was going to be damaging, there was no, there was nothing they did not want a socialist state, everyone did not want a socialist state.
Germany, by contrast,a historical upstart in multipolar power world. therefore instead of having to contend with the new power. the old powers tried to cripple a rising Germany at the negotiating table. due to the threat of a so fresh United States. otherwise Germany could have just continued the war. It was fighting if it did not like the peace terms.
the US entered into World War One in 1917 did was allow the allies to propose an unparalleled and also untenable piece known as the Treaty of Versailles.At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, however, the treaty that France received was more far more generous than the Treaty of Versailles. For it was assumed that France, Long’s Europe hegemon, would forever be a player on the European stage.
The Birth of a Germany:
Germany, is the most recent out of all of the large European states. As Germany, with the aid of centralizer Bismarck, achieved national renomilization late. Prussia, the army ever in search of the state. Found one at last. The difference, between the French and the German State is-competentence.
The Great (avoidable) Depression
Not only were most of the economist blindsided by the depression, their remedies did not work. In addition, they had no idea when the depression was going to end either. In fact, given their remedies it’s a testament to the power of Hermes as a god. Hermes being the God of the of commerce. In the midst of the Great Depression in history, the US was burning crops in order to create global scarcity to drive up prices for American farmers. the literal equivalent of trying to drain the sea with a bucket. The road to insanity is gradual then sudden.
President Harding, the last great president of United States, who was this a fair not on philosophical grounds, but on laziness grounds. After all, maybe if George W Bush had a better poker game, there wouldn’t have been a second Iraq invasion.
The actions of the Hoover government exasperated the crisis. Hoover wanted to take a more intervention in its route through the recession through year of 1918 and 1919. In the years preceding the First War of the stupids. He was then ridiculed by laissez faire President Hart. By the time Hoover had nudged Harding into action, the recession resolved itself a miracle seemingly economic recovery without government.
Hardening go on to die during his presidency. In his memoirs, a secret service member theorise it was the wife. hiding about to be in the middle of a mafia scandal. You can do anything but bore embarrass a woman, she allegedly poisoned him. The greatest possible generation of the Office of presidency is that incompetent has not been better than average.It’s been the best in a century. Incumbent America present themselves not even understand the nature of the American presidency itself.
The Hoover Administration
in order to make the pound attractive the dollar was kept artificially lower. the USA and Anglo stand with the same credit rating. The country with a higher rating will absorb excess liquidity. The Hoover government, did not increase its artificially low interest rates enough to offset the market repricing.
Contrary to the principle while ration inspired geographically. English neoclassical school comes the Austrian school of economic thought where its greatest economist Ludwig Mises lived through the Depression. Not only that he lived through the Depression, he predicted and Mises gave a theory to explain the depression through Austrian business cycle theory and then gave the remedy for fixing the crisis.
More fundamentally, the Great Depression is a natural consequence of the inability to accept the loss of wealth caused by the First War of the stupids. The depression was exacerbated by the very same policies which were designed to solve it. Prior to the establishment of fiat currency. the world was on a gold standard. The wanton trust people have for paper currency, a reasonably new phenomena in history,
The attraction of gold as a medium was precisely because nobody could own it. People trusted the gold more than the Emperor’s forced their faces upon them. For a foreign exchange perspective, gold made a lot more sense. As the value of any given currency is just its weight in gold. The more gold in the coin, the more gold in the economy.
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Great Britain, back when Britain was great, once the commerce capital of the world giving Britain the largest gold reserve and the world’s most valuable currency. After Britain lost a third of its wealth, ‘winning’ the first war of the stupids. The Bank of England, (BOE) glad to accept that the greatest way to deteriorate capital is to explode it. Or to pretend, that there was no capital loss while Europe was sending itself back to the Stone Age. Central bankers, would coordinate purchases over time to ensure the integrity of the pound, effectively going against the market. The reason, for the abrupt acsent of American Imperial hegemony. Stems from the fact that, America had it’s civil war fifty years prior. Allowing the uSA, to use the dollar to rebuild the world at the expense of the pound.
Europes second civil war: The war of good and evil
The fundamental question of this period in history is, to what extent was Nazi Germany an aberration or part of the historical trend of the Germany. Germany, being one of the most recent European states, to renormalize the national level.
Unlike the other great revolutions in history, the Nazis were elected into office. Granted the Nazis, lacked a majority in parliament. However, that’s because nobody had a the majority in parliament. Having said that, the Nazis did lose seats before seizing complete power. Once in power, the Nazis in all likelihood burnt down the German Chancellory in order to seize the state. The Nazis, at the end of the day, were the only political parties to control to wrest control from the army. The former state, within a state was unwilling to march against the Third Reich. As the loyalty, of any given unit cannot be guaranteed because they were Nazis. Heil Hitler, was a standard telephone greeting after all.
The Nazis, made the most of neglected German pride. Once having seized the state, it is clear that the Nazis captured Germany’s imagination. Some aspects of Nazism, was the reestablishment of standard Imperial German uniform and decorum. Some aspects, involved the greater centralization of the German state. The autobahns, Germany’s interstate highway system. created by the Nazis.
Public Relations and the Ministry of Propaganda.
The term propaganda, is only recently negatively quonoted. As prior, there was literally a minister of propaganda. Propaganda, just a term for the information given by the government. Best utilised by the British, during the First War of the stupids. It kept the English, fighting morale high.
Hegel’s concept of freedom, are you free if you’re exactly like everyone else? In information theoretical terms, are you an independent agent if you’re a self similar.
There were two revolution, in post Soviet Russia. First the Bolchevick revolution, then Lenin’s revolution. After Lenin’s death, Stalin was best positioned to take over the Communist Party. Within Stalin’s rule, there are two periods within Stalin’s rule. His pre and post, despot stage. With his despotry, resulting in the greatest level of centralization in Russian history. Not understanding, that it is this excessive centralization which limits the USSR.
It was Stalin, who was tasked with modernising Russia. This is difficult, considering, communist’s as their consequences of their proper improper understanding of economic thought; struggle with the with the production of goods at the lower end of the production cycle such as raw materials. Not, consumer goods at the higher ends.
The price system, coordinates the flow of information between the various stages of productio. Without prices, some information has to be centrally managed. Stalin, would lament Russia’s lack of a white collar management to coordinate such information. As a result Russia, a communist state had to purchase the capital needed from the capitalist on the world market.
The German’s chose to fight a two front war. As opposed, to either focusing on North Africa or operation Barbarosa. Additionally, had Hirohito’s Japan joined it’s idiological ally. Japan decided to attack a country, where the best case scenario was to win a war of attrition.
Japan had not that had nothing to do with Hitler’s war effort. The Nazis could have just done nothing. Instead, chose to declare war on the uSA.
After the annihilation by the French Republic. Britain, was left to fight the Germans alone. It made more sense prior to the Battle of Britain to make peace with the Nazis. As the Nazi,s in all likelihood wanted to make peace and we’re making overt attempts at the British to do so. Britain’s well documented rebuff is to be commended.
Atlas did not Shrug
Mister Charlie Lindbergh, he flew to old Berlin Got 'im a big Iron Cross, and he flew right back again To Washington, Washington Hitler wrote to Lindy, said "Do your very worst" Lindy started an outfit that he called America First In Washington, Washington Lindy said to Hoover: "We'll do the same as FranceMake a deal with Hitler, and then we'll get our chance In Washington, Washington" They say "America First, " but they mean "America Next!" In Washington, Washington"-Lindbergh, Woody Gurthie
Atlas did shrug a world war. He was dragged into it. With the Japanese, bombing of Pearl Harbour. Unfortunately, it does not seem like he ever went back to sleep.
European federal renormalization
The European Union, was created to solve a question posed by Henry Kissinger. If I want to speak to Europe. Who do I call? European federal renormalization was achieved, after the conclusion of Europe’s Civil War. What started out as a common metal market, would eventually culminate in a supranational political body. The idea of a federal European state is a rational one. Japan and California, would be the second most populous European state. There are billions of people in China and India.
European success, stemmed from its technological advances over other regions of the world. As, these technological advances become increasingly comoditised. Europes, small population of six hundred million and small geography. Make it hard for it, as indiviudal states to contend with what an be descirbed as sub-continents. In the case, of the uSA, China and India.
Unlike the political structure of the uSA, which is a federation. Whereby, as stated by the tenth amenedment in the consitituoin. That the state delegates power to the federal governemnt. Save for interstte commerce. the European Union adopted for a more centralised approach. the official death of mediaeval localism. With most of the decisions coming from an unelected committee of representatives.
Overbanked Europe-A common monetary union
However, the problem with this version of the European federal state is that its definition of Europe is too expansive. There are too many, unrelated countries in Europe. With the European Union tried to establish a common monetary territory, amongst economically diverse countries. German cars, are subsidised as Greece is part of the same monetary union. In a free float, the Deutsche Mark would be more valuable than the euro. Causing German autoation, to be more expensive.
The European banking system, reflects the strain of european integration. With most national champions now forced to compete with other national champions in a common market. Making consolidation, in the European banking industry almost necessary.
Butter vs olive oil Europe
When we talk about Europe. We are really talking about the land, east of the Volga, north of the Mediterranean and south the Baltic. There’s also a delineation, between butter and olive oil eating Europe. Fundamentally, the difference between Northern and Mediterranean Europe. The two seas, which define Europe. France, being the only country in both. There is, quite the difference between Lombardy and the C’ote d’Azur. European regions, which share waters have greater similarity.
The Northern sea, essentially encapsulates the era influenced by the Vikings. Brexit, is given a new interpretation under this. Anglestan, is closer to mainland Europe than their fellow northern sea countries. Who, like the Anglestan , did not adopt the euro as a national currency. So, a European Union amongst northern European countries would also make more sense. There is, a greater participation for the European Union amongst Alpine than northern Europe.
Western Europe, is completely dominated by the Alps with a country on each Alpine side, (France, Germany, Austria, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, etc). A European Union, amongst countries of the Alps would make more sense.
After all, it makes it is much easier to transport elephants to the Alps, now than in the age of Hannibal. So it makes more sense, that once information communication increased. There would be a renormalization to a greater scale. As these countries, share a common boundary, which is increasingly less of a boundary. As a result, of better roads and tunnels. Making information communication, greater between the states.
False Renormilization: a line in the sand
This point cannot be repeated enough. Europe’s, two civil wars are what lead to the death of European imperialism as such. The uSA, in contrast, lost its empire resolving the colonial disputes of Europe. America’s interest in the Middle East should extend insofar as the flow of oil flows out of the Middle East. Having transitioned, from a main oil exporter to an oil importer, due to a decrease in internal supply since the Second World War. The Americans, inherited the British interest in the Middle East.
While, Europe is struggling for its federal renormilizaiton. It’s formal colonies, are Still struggling with their national renormilization. The Sykes–Picot Agreement agreement, essentially defines the middle east. As the remnants, of the Ottoman Empire. Previously the the remnants of the Persian Empire. These countries, were divised not based on local interests. But, on the interest of European colonalists.
Lebanon is not a country
Lebanon’s confessional democracy, was not derived from collective bargaining between Lebanon’s various religious sects. The way, in which Europeans constitutional democracy was formed. Neither, were the border of the Lebanese state fought for by ‘Lebanese’ people. Lebanon, as a country was created by France; to create a Christian majority country in the region. With the presiden of Lebanon being a Maronite Christian. The Prime Minister, a Sunni Muslim. The Speaker of the House a Shia Muslim.
They, have done a disastrous job to say the least. With, the basic definition of a country being territorial sovereignty. Lebanon’s government, has never been able to secure it’s borders. With the Syrian, Palestinian and Israeli forces running rampant in the region. Not only, could the government not deliver on internal security. It seems, they’re unable to do anything else. during the, #youstink protests. Where, the government got into a dispute with the cleaning distributor, Lebanon landfills start to pile up. However, the greatest disaster in history of la republic Libanaise is Electricité du Liban (EDL). The national, electricity provider.
Electricité du Liban
Not only does EDL, not provide acceptable coverage. With scheduled, rolling blackouts being the norm. EDL, requires massive subsidies by the Lebanse state in order to do so. This subsidy, is not going towards long term energy solutions. EDL, generates most of its electricity via the burning of fossil fuels. As a result of the state’s inability to meet the needs of his people and network of private generator contractors emerged to fill the void.
The supposed Party of God, Hezbollah, descends from an Iranian militia during the Lebanese civil war. Hezbollah, is currently responsible for maintaining the borders of the Lebanese nation state. Iran, a country of 80 million people is able to fund this. As, Lebanon is the size of a small Iranian province. With much of Iran’s support cocentrating on the countries shia population. The philanthropic efforts, of Hezbollah are more expansive than the Lebanese state. Said another way, the welfare-warfare state of Hezbollah is more developed than the actual Lebanese state. The shadow state, within the state. In which Hezbollah, is also a political party.
The fundamental quagmire, that is Lebanon. How does, a Lebanese nation state develop with such a powerful shadow state. However, the logical falacy regarding this line of reasoning is that Hezbollah rose to power due to a failure of state. So, once the state stops failing the Hezbollah question can be better addressed.
Iran-The Shia Revival
Both Iran and Turkey, are civilizations unto themselves. These civilizations, were not colonised by Western powers as a result they have both succesfully renomarlized to the national scale. Both of these proud people, have only recently concluded their industrial revolutions.The principle difference between these civilization, is their relationships with the West.
What was once America’s greatest ally in the region, is now its greatest enemy. This is considered, one of the greatest examples of blowback in intelligence history. Not to be outdone, by themselves. The CIA, then supplied arms to Saddam Hussein in his invasion of Iran. The Iran-Iraq War, the bloodiest war, of the second half of the 20th century.
After ending the war, Saddam with an American-funded army invaded Kuwait. Officially, reaching blowback to the second degree by this point. As a response, the uSA conducts opreation Desert Storm, absolutely annihilating Iraqi conventional forces. The subsequent removal of Saddam, increased Iran’s geopolitical influence over Iraq an otherwise Shia majority country.
With the uSA, vying with Iran for influence over Iraq. The difference, however, is proximity. Iran neighbours Iraq. While the uSA, needs to project an expensive sphere of influence. The question then becomes- how valuable is Iraq to the American taxpayer? As compared to those of Iran.Iraq being the natural point of territorial expansion of a strong Persian state. Iran and Iraq also sharing religious solidarity, in otherwise minority set of Islam. The purported Shia revival having done much to upset the traditional Sunni powers. Outside, of American influence in the region.