M0dernity and The Industrial Revolution-The Biggest Thing That Man Has Ever done| Chapter 5| The Death of the Gods and the revolt Against Reason

The European Miracle-Man’s Domestication of work

I'm just a lonesome traveler, The Great Historical Bum
Highly educated from history I have come
I built the Rock of Ages, 'twas in the Year of One
And that was about the biggest thing that man had ever done-The Biggest Thing Man has ever done, Woody Guthrie

The industrial revolution is the greatest inflection point in human history since Prometheus gave man fire.

Because both of these inventions stem from the same source, man’s ability to produce energy outside of his body. Fire one of the great chaotic forces of the universe is quite frankly, unmanageable. All we can do with it is make sure it doesn’t destroy everything by managing its fuel with an air. What we can do however, is heat water. Water vapour then spins a turbine creating energy. Now we can sidestep fire altogether, and just have water spin the turbine for you to coach Woody Guthrie again.

Now river you can ramble where the sun sets in the sea,
But while you're rambling river you can do some work for me-Roll On Columbia, Woody Guthrie

The ability the industrial revolution is fundamentally the ability to access work over one dimension of freedom the railway, two dimensions of freedom the steamboat AUTOMOBIL three dimensions of freedom aeroplane helicopter

Europe’s decentralisation allows it to expand into its colonial phase. Unlike the Chinese the building of her fleet was not centralised. So it did not take one emperor building an armada just for another to tear it down. Christopher Columbus who despite being Italian discovered the new world for the king of Spain.

Contrary to popular belief, Last Saturday, June 1 is a necessary byproduct of the Industrial Revolution. mediaeval localism, that’s a mediaeval trade with evil trade that two internal tariffs

The industrial revolution

Tools which produce tools

Economic fields expanded

Geographic arbs decreased

Scale increased

Because they were returns to scale an individual firm but communication cost are still high

It makes sense to bring things internally as a post to be relying externall

Coases theorem is that the size of the firm is dependent on the cost of internalizing a service versus outside the cheaper the outside service the less the scale of the firm

So in this case cost will be time


Nassim Taleb has the best definition of modernity. Modernity is letting the Porter take your bags. Only to go to the hotel gym thereafter.

The Lindy Effect

The Lindy effect, refers to a technology’s ability to be robust towards time. Not the most advanced technology per se. The most durable.

Toyota Landcruiser, The greatest car ever produced. is made less lindy the by a touchscreen. The touchscreen is harder to fix than dials or buttons. Bugatti cognisant of this, minimise the number of screens available. The most dated part of the car is the screen and underlying computer.

Horses, even more Lindy but ow so not modern.

Books more Lindy more than computers being robust to solar flares and EMP bombs. The library of Alexandria, inronically,


The railway

As it is important to understand the American Dream in information theoretical terms. The American Dream is about the ability to voluntarily disassociate. Prior to the early eighteen hundreds if you didn’t like your neighbour. You could always just move. Because why else would people live in Ohio?It also not a coincidence that when people ran out of space, the American Civil War started. In information theoretical terms we would say that the American dream is defined as the ability for nodes to decentralise their computation to an independent geographical area.

Only after the American Dream died can we now recognise modern day America. Because the national identity that most American’s have is a very recent phenomenon aided by the two wars of the stupids (the two world wars). 

This new national ‘American’ identity. Measured in information theoretical terms, is simply that there are now more communications between states than within states.

the automobile

The principal difference between the world wars-the automobile.

What was the Fountainhead? A renormilization of the topography of the information landscape

The Fountainhead, as in the fountainhead of a pen. is an exploration of the archetypes of the media industry. In addition to, an exploration the fundamental renormalization from local to national media. As a function of a proliferation in information technologies. Told through the lens of architecture. Specifically the media coverage of, erudite Howard Roark.

Ayn Rand-Student of Mises

It is important to understand that fundamentally Rand is a student of Mises. Rand, a noted curmudgeon. was grinning ear to ear. when Mises acknowledge her work, to be the literary translation to some of his economics.

As we’ve already established, the Austrian school of economic thought represents an evolution in the symbolic systems used in economics, the previous set of symbolic systems inherited from the natural sciences, but in appropriate for praxeology.

Roark is exactly the possession entrepreneur, entrepreneur entrepreneur that is theorised.Roark is exactly that in architectural sense, bracket principal conversation, the principal dialectic in this school of economic thought between

the entrepreneur and isomorphic isomorphism. The first mover as compared to the second, the pattern of the dialectic is innovation by the first copy by the second the only thing that a member of the herd can do is copy because you will use it to change things.

. Howard rocks existence is an offensive one. Offensive because anyone inside the herd there’s nothing more offensive than someone outside of it.

The archetypical representation of the heard’s principle member- Peter Keating.Rand is not a subtle author. In fact, she often gets accused of being too much on the nose with the characters. What these critics neglect is that at some point people become caricatures of themselves for I have met my fair share of Elsweyr tweets.

Ellsworth, the principal antagonists. the archetypical representation of the liberal newspaper columnist. .who, along with his friends help sway public opinion to their political views. injecting the political into the non political whenever possible.

Rand also captures the inherent conflict between the writer and editor newspaper. Gale wind, the Mark Zuckerberg of the modern era (except cool). In the sense, Gale controls the principal information medium of his time.

The Nazi Vichy French hated the French the Free French army more than the German occupiers. The existence of a free friendship is unacceptable to an enslaved one.

Typewritter-The variable Symbol machine

An expansion of the newspaper. represents an increase in shared imagination externalisation. Imaginationland, literally increasing in size and density. Resulting in the great mass organisation of mass culture that others succeed worried so much about.

The telegraph-The variable symbol transmiter

Information, increasingly less local. Has been renormalized to the national level with the advent of the telegraph. The original www was not the World Wide Web. But the world wide wire. Information broadcasted on mass via the telegraph.

Mathematically speaking, the World Wide Web would be characterised as a scale free network. A place in space with no marginal cost of communication. With each website exactly one click away.

In the world wide wire, the marginal cost of communication is negligible within a city. information, however, still clustered at the city scale. But easily shared between cities by telegraph wire. Exiting the USA from its Local Roots.

The newspaper system

The inflection points in the information typography. came with the shift in the business model of newspapers. from a service, provided by political parties or the sponsors.

. As newspapers were sold for a loss and the profits were made up with attention,

the business model of attention products, determine the nature of the product itself. subscription services, cause a dialectic between publisher and reader. If the attention product does not meet the preferences of the readers, they unsubscribe, this makes subscription more ideologically committed.

Advertising based businesses, appeal to the lowest common human denominator. as only the most salient points of attention gets propagated. giving the reader a skewed view of reality.

A polarized America

The American dream is a life with some america is a bad preferential detachment

Nassim Taleb’s minority rule,

The previous newspapers dominated by religious groups, making for a more polarised America.

Pre-colonional/ colonial/ post colonial America is the same. As Massesuchets was killing Quakers way before the Boston Tea party.

Most early Americans were puritans. Fleeing religious persecution from catholic Europe. So it is of no surprise. That once catholics made their way to the new country. They would be treated in kind.

Much of the political tumult prior to the great American homogenisation of the First World War. Occurred as different religious groups were vying over political control. America’s public school system was founded so that WASPs could brainwash catholic kids.

The Poster

the information medium at the time was limited to posters, mainly posters.

It was not until which is slightly confusing because the best case scenario you just defeated an idiot.

Variable Sound Machine-Radio

The birth of radio, is squarely a modern phenomenon. Radio represents the fundamental difference between the information technology, of the First and Second World War.

Radio said to be the most personal of the information portals. Radiao represents the ability to encode audio and electromagnetic waves and broadcast it over an area.

As global pundits radio was the main propaganda tool of the third right brackets

The history of radio was not always centralised., with early radio, especially in the Americas, being pioneered by farmers in the countryside with chicken wire.

a walkie talkie being a two way radio, or no, it may be hard to understand this in the heyday of the heartache.

But through the centralization efforts of the FTC.

with most of the radio stations in Europe run by the government.

radio as a medium took more than half a century to develop.

Prior to the introduction of Mike and the mad dog. there was no sports talk radio. the first show literally starts out with

not too many times we get something new on something that has been around for so long.

Not only was Mike and the mad dog, satisfying preferences, they birthed the genre. early radio was known for generic content. large centralised audiences.

By this point, Industrial Light Magic ILM has fundamentally changed the nature of reality, the greatest technological innovation since Disney has animation before that, the invention of movies itself. All of the above by just integrations on the same fundamental technology, the ability to externalise human imagination.

Variable Image Machine-Cinema

inema invented by the French was the first moving variable image technology besides the flipbook, although cinema was invented in France, and that France still produces some of the best film the world, it was the Americans in Hollywood, which took film to the next level. Cinema would not pick as a medium near half a century after as its inception with the American New Wave.

was the Disney that was Snow White and phenomena. Not only is the Disney cartoon a unique American art form and its own respect, Snow White was a triumph of technology. What makes a technology then the ability to be robust to time, children essentially later can still watch the original Disney Animations.

cartoon animation was invented around the same time as film. So a direct comparison can be made with the films of that era clearly more data than the animation with Sleeping Beauty attracting more views than Citizen Kane. And it has more cultural cachet than Casablanca ever did.

The Death of Comics

Comics are squarely a modern phenomenon because in the modern era, there was nothing that looked like a comic. The vibrant divisiveness of the colours was the bleeding edge technology of the time. Prior to the rise of cyberspace comics provided the cheapest and most versatile form of imagination externalisation, making comics an example of archetypes and stories which are valued by our society.

The Golden Age of Comics occurred in the modern era. And we have continued already in the postmodern era as the high cost of encoding photos versus codifying in made comics, the more salient medium. Although the popularity of comics started with superheroes after World War Two, it had matured into its own medium, with the sale of other genres surpassing those of heroes.

Comic books provide the best example of America’s shifting zeitgeist and volksgeist. As each of the eras of comic book history (golden, silver, bronze, dark, modern) can they themselves me considered shifts in the zeitgeist

Within America’s golden age of comics. The age prior to Fredric Wertham’s Seduction of the innocent which destroyed comic books as a medium. There exists a character who quite literally, quite honestly represents this new national identity. 

For the love of the Batman

The Comics Code Authority. the Comics Code Authority being the industry’s attempt at self regulation, prompted by the external pressure of Frederick called them seduction of the innocent. The more salacious point usually misinterpreted by the media that Batman and Robin are living the wish dreams of homosexuals, not that they are homosexuals, an accusation more salacious at the time, then of writing. The salaciousness of this tidbit fundamentally distracting from more this point about the seduction of an innocent because every civilization exploits the innocence of a child. In essence, another word for malleability. Children being so brainwashed will forces adults to protect them.

There is some argument for movie and video game parental supercurrent, concentrating, but with comics at the time, had a much younger audience, there was no market for adult comics. It wasn’t until the great enrich shift of comics after the Silver Age. And it will not be until Frank Miller’s Dark Knight that the genre accepted the audience for comics as aged I was the result the Comics Code Authority, comics or genre did not have an opportunity to mature in addition to being held in disrepute.

Had France not blown itself up the War of the stupids, perhaps they would have been the leader in the genre, as in France comics, are a lot more expensive hardcover, and consider another art form bond disini. In Japan, the medium known as manga, are far more respected as well and produce their own astounding culture. Comics cease to be mass culture after the golden age because comics were no longer able to represent culture.

One needs look no further than the evolution of the aforementioned Batman through the eras, Batman seemingly to oscillate from cataclysmically campy with the Silver Age feeling zebra Batman, Batman dresses zebra in zebra camo to a deleteriously distressing mark with modern Batman comics involving the Joker ripping off his own face only to sew it back on again. And the reason for the bipolarity is that artists no longer had access to the dark side of the Batman during the Comics Code Authority.

After all of this happened all of this happened before the ubiquitous use of television. The one way variable image machine however, the archetypical representations would follow towards Film and Television The generic nature of the network television of that era leading to Adams wealth camp rendition of the cape crusader and the civil age screen with Christopher Nolan Reeve Superman.

The Silverage of comics-Does Batman need a sidekick?

Given the fact that we refer to people who work well together as “Batman and Robin.” It seems stupid, nay blasphemous to ask if Batman should have a sidekick. It’s kind of like asking if hamburgers need fries, if movies need sound and if Lebron needs two All-Stars to win a title.

But to better understand why this is a valid question. We need to first know the history of Batman and Robin and how they evolved over time. Because Batman, and by extension, Robin will always be a reflection of the zeitgeist, with each era vying for the soul of the Bat.

In the case of Batman when he first appeared (solo I may add) in Detective Comics issue #27 he was very different from the Batman we know now. Firstly, the Golden Age Batman kills *nerds gasp at a distance*, he used guns and, he protected the rich from the poor. This wouldn’t last for long as comic book publishers felt that Batman needed a younger sidekick to be more appealing to kids. The logic went that pre-pubescent children would not be able to see themselves as the physical manifestation of vengeance, but they could see themselves as the kid in the booty shorts. This type of reasoning was not unique to Batman, at the time everyone from Captain America (Bucky) to the Human Torch (Toro) were adjacent to small children. It was, by many accounts, a much simpler time.

The Great Inward Shift

This was before the great inward shift that comic books went through. Where comic book publishers spent less time worrying about the kids market, and more time worrying about the nerds.

Introducing Dick Grayson, the first Robin, in Detective Comics #37 allowed for changes in the tone of the character. Because Batman actually had someone to talk to, writers could make his stories lighter, use fewer guns and more puns. Dick was in every way shape and form the embodiment of the ideal American youth of the time. And as writers started to make Batman, dare I say it, happier, they lost track of who the character was meant to be. The Silver Age Batman was very weird, to say the least but very much ahead of his time with his fashion sense:


This trend of making Batman less gritty and campier continued through the 60’s with the Batman TV show on ABC. This is where Batman had his own dance move, the very aptly named Batusi.

And how did he manage to do so?

Well by sending Robin off to college. But this time, instead of Batman protecting the rich from the poor, he would now protect the poor from the rich.

Again it is worth repeating that Batman, more so than almost anyone in fiction, represents the zeitgeist of the era of the comic book. Back in the 30’s America was trying to escape from the great depression. So where better to escape than in the life of a playboy millionaire? By the time 1970 rolled around, people we more cynical. So who better to protect the people without power from the people with power. Then the person with the most power?

The Dark Ages

By the time the aptly named Dark Ages of comics rolled around, a new Robin, Jason Todd was introduced. Although at the beginning he was literally a carbon copy of Dick Grayson (the first Robin) with his parents also being circus acrobats murdered by mobsters. After the events of Crisis on Infinite Earths, his story was redrawn. Gone were the days of tights and tightropes, Jason was now a boy from the streets who Batman caught trying to steal the Batmobile’s tires in the same alley, on the anniversary of his parent’s murder.

Which, begs the question what size rims does the Batman have?

Introducing this new Robin is very important to the comics because up until now Batman was the character in flux, with the boy wonder being a constant. But the introduction of Jason kickstarted the cycle where Robins could oscillate from light to dark from good to well, bad.

With his new backstory, Robin started to become more and more insufferable to the point where most Batman fans began to hate the little dick (pun intended). After a couple issues of being comics version of King Joffrey, the editors of Batman had the Joker kidnap the boy wonder and let fans decide if the new Robin lives or dies via a dedicated hotline. After the 10,614 calls were counted.

The people decided.

Robin dies at dawn.

Jason Todd would be ruthlessly, mercilessly and relentlessly beaten into oblivion.

Most cheered.

The pretender was dead.

Not everyone was happy with the way this turned out in the comic book world. Author Frank Miller described it as “the most cynical thing DC has ever done. [Where] an actual toll-free number where fans can call in to put an ax to a little boy’s head.”